Questions no. 16-17 refer to the following
lbn Rushd was born in 1126 (520 After the Hegira, according to the Islamic Calendar) in Cordova, Spain. He studied law and medicine. In 1169 (565 AH) he was appointed a judge in Sevilla; he also translated Aristotle’s book de Anima (Of the Soul) during this year. In 1171 lbn Rushd was transferred to Cordova, where he held the position of a judge (Qadi) for ten years. During that time, he wrote commentaries and interpretations on the works of Aristotle, among others on Metaphysics, and on Plato’s Politela. In 1182 (578 AH) he was called to Marrakesh to work as a physician for the Caliph there, but he was soon transferred back to Cordova with the title of Great Qaadi (Chief Judge). lbn Rushd fell out of favor with the Caliph due to the opposition that theologians had raised against his writings. He was accused of heresy, interrogated and banned to Lucena, close to Cordova. At the same time, the Caliph ordered the books of the philosopher to be burnt, with the exception of his works on Medicine, Arithmetics and Elementary Astronomy (around 1195). Somewhat later the Caliph revoked the banishment and called lbn Rushd back to Marrakesh. The works of lbn Rushd also aroused admiration in Europe, even among those theologians who saw a danger for religious faith ¡n his writings. In the XIIlth century, lbn Rushd was condemned by bishops from Paris, Oxford and Canterbury for reasons similar to those that had caused his condemnation by the orthodox Muslims in Spain. On December 10,1198 (Safar 9, 595AH) Ibri Rushd died in Marrakesh.
16. The author’s purpose in the passage is to …
(A) inform a brief life history of Ibn Rushd.
(B) Inform about the struggle of Ibn Rushd.
(C) describe the job of Ibn Rushd as qaadi.
(D) illustrate the great skills of Ibn Rushd.
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