SOAL UM-PTKIN Bahasa Indonesia No. 52
Reading1 (Question 51 – 55)
Civilizations began to come around 3500 BC. Agriculture-based modern societies arose in Middle America, Mediterranean Europe, the Nile Valley, the Indus Valley, Lower Mesopotamia, and the Huang Ho Valley.
As technology improved quickly, farmers were able to use better techniques to produce greater amount of food, Interestingly, one farmer was able to provide enough food for more than just for himself and his family, and thus had a surplus available, The development of food supply caused a jump in population. It made farmers make their farms targe and try to control and shape their farmland, The food surplus also prevented urbanization, promoted division of labor, and trade.
ln order to provide more farmland, as well as resources such as wood, massive forest areas were cut down. Trees gave way to crops, and the wood was used for buildings and as fuel. As in the modem world, the destruction of natural habitats in ancient times led to the loss of much animal life.
The environment itself also suffered considerably. Soil erotion and deforestation resulted from clearing large areas and using them to raise farm animals and grow crops. Natural resources such as soil, water, forests. Land, and animals were ruined. Often, the success of a society greatly depended on how successful it was in preserving nature.
52. The word “surplus’ in those sentences has similar meaning with the following words, except….
JAWABAN DAN PEMABAHASAN
52. Jawaban: D (loss)
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